This Resettlement Policy Framework (RPF) is developed by the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) for the Somali Water for Rural Resilience II (WRR) or “BARWAAQO” Project.
The Project Development Objective (PDO) is “to develop water and agricultural services among agro-pastoralist communities in dryland areas of Somalia”. The project has four components:
Component 1: Support Development of Multiuse Water Sources. Implemented by the Ministries of Water in Somaliland and Puntland, Southwest, Galmudug, Hirshabele and Jubaland. This component aims to improve water availability for domestic, agriculture, and livestock, and to address the effects of climate induced droughts and floods by developing a slew of water supply infrastructure that provides reliable year-round supplies, including small sand and subsurface dams in dry riverbeds (wadis) and surface water storage infrastructure (for example, berkads and hafir dams).
Component 2: Support Development of Agriculture and Livestock Services around Water Points. Implemented by the Ministries of Agriculture and Livestock in FMS and Somaliland, this component will support interventions aimed at creating and strengthening sustainable and productive livelihoods for communities, ensuring that they benefit from the water point investments while improving SLM and addressing vulnerabilities to flood and drought.
Component 3: Development of Environmental Upstream Catchment Services. Implemented by the Ministries of Environment in FMS and Somaliland, this component—which represents an addition compared to the original Biyoole project design—aims to address vulnerabilities to floods and droughts and enhance the benefits from the sustainable management of upstream catchments.
Component 4: Project Management, Community Development and Enhancing Livelihoods Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E), and Knowledge Management and Learning. This component will finance the operational costs of the project management units in participating FMSs and a project coordinator and fiduciary support unit at the FGS level.
The project tackles both climate change adaptation and mitigation. By supporting efforts to improve infrastructure and livelihood strategies that can enable people and communities to better cope with Somalia’s inherent, and growing, climate variabilities alongside those that mitigate GHG emissions. Investment in SLM not only supports adaptation but also mitigation. Improving SLM is central to both adaptation and mitigation in Somalia, and the water harvesting techniques that this project supports alongside its environmental management all ultimately contribute to raising SLM.
RESETTLEMENT POLICY FRAMEWORK (RPF)