The Federal Government of Somalia presents the ninth National Development Plan (NDP-9), 2020-2024, which provides the nation with a path leading to economic growth and reduction of poverty within the next five years.
Somalia has a long tradition of national planning, stretching back decades. NDP-9 builds on the progress of and lessons learned from the eighth NDP (NPD-8), which is set to expire at the end of this year. Its goal is to reduce poverty and inequality through inclusive economic growth and employment, improved security and rule of law, and strengthened political stability.
Somalia’s recent history of conflict is well-known. Less well-known, perhaps, is the development progress made by the country over the past seven years. In this regard, Somalia has taken important steps towards the establishment of a federal system of government and sound fiscal and monetary systems, which have supported moderate recent economic growth (approximately 3 percent GDP annual growth in 2018). A stronger government has been met with encouraging signs of community reconciliation and an enhanced capacity for local governance in many regions across the nation.
The completion of NDP-9 as a compliant interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (iPRSP) will allow Somalia to seek debt relief as part of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative, which in itself will be a significant milestone in the country’s process of poverty reduction. In line with the guiding principles for iPRSPs, NDP-9:
Has been Somalia-driven and based on broad participation of Somalis through stakeholder consultations across regions;
Has a medium to long-term perspective in terms of its developmental vision and strategic interventions;
Is built on a comprehensive multidimensional poverty reduction strategy with sustainable inclusive growth and economic diversification at its heart;
Is results-focused, with a feasible and clear monitoring and evaluation framework, to ensure that limited resources available are allocated to those interventions with the largest potential impact.
Strategies and interventions that strengthen the effectiveness of political processes in Somalia, thereby increasing inclusiveness and reducing violent conflict.
Strategies and interventions that reduce insecurity across Somalia and strengthen citizens’ access to an equitable and affordable system of justice.
Strategies and interventions that accelerate inclusive growth across all sectors of the economy, with particular emphasis on creating opportunities for women and youth.
Strategies and interventions that improve access by Somali citizens to health, education and other essential services, including social protection systems in times of extreme need (drivers include information from HDI data on health, living standards and education).
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Mapping to the 2030 Agenda
Sustainable development is recognized as the key to poverty reduction: it ensures that development does not lead to inequality where the vulnerable are excluded from opportunities, and it protects gains made and ensures the vulnerable don’t slip back into deprivation.
Somalia has made a commitment to making progress on the Sustainable Development Goals and their principles. Efforts have been made to align and embed the SDGs into the pillar plans, as well as within the Monitoring and Evaluation Framework. Leveraging the 2030 Agenda and its tools is a direct investment into poverty reduction.